Frances Mautner-Markhof is the executive director of the Austrian Center for International Studies (ACIS) in Vienna. She is a recognized expert on North Korea, multilateral security cooperation, and nuclear non-proliferation. Before joining ACIS she was an official of the International Atomic Energy Agency. She has led research projects at the Brookings Institution, the German Foreign Policy Institute (DGAP), and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria and has cooperated with the OSCE on joint projects/activities. Mautner-Markhof has lectured at the Harvard Kennedy School; the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University; the OSCE; the Institute of Political Science, University of Vienna, as well as in the Republic of Korea, China, Japan, and the Russian Federation.